Kim recently commented on an article of mine saying “I am too lazy to try to beat the market, so I really like your style of investing.” I wish everyone who invests was as lazy as Kim and me. Lazy investing necessarily means that one passively invests in indexes, does not try to time the market, does not chase returns, and does not invest emotionally. Lazy means buy-and-hold.
I certainly can’t claim these ideas as my own. I’m merely parroting what the likes of the following great investment minds have said in one form or another: Bill Gross, Peter Lynch, Jack Bogle, Burton Malkiel, etc. Earlier this year, even the most successful investor of our time Warren Buffett recommended a simple portfolio of low-cost passive index funds for his estate.
Recent market movements, and actually the volatility going all the way back to the 2000’s, might lead some to disavow a buy-and-hold strategy. Listen to them and you might be thinking that you can create alpha and generate better returns by pursuing anything other than a buy-and-hold strategy. But the question you have to ask yourself is “Do you think you’re smart enough to time the market’s movements?” The answer is . . . NO. If you are a long-term investor, you should not try to time the market. Be lazy. Do nothing.
So, for the benefit of the most useless and lazy investors amongst us, I offer up these six tips. Follow them for the easiest, do-nothing, lazy investing strategy that can’t even be beat by the professionals.
1) START SAVING EARLY. LET COMPOUNDING WORK FOR YOU
Start saving as early as possible because it is the easiest, best and laziest way to let your money work for you.
A chart helps you see why compounding makes such a difference. The below graphic shows two savers, both saving $100 per month at an annual average return of 8.5%. The blue line shows the saver who started when she was 20 years old. The red line shows someone who waited until she was 30. The ten year difference (which is only an additional $12,000 saved) results in over $240,000 more growth! So . . . start now.
2) INVEST IN INDEXES; DON’T BE A FOOL AND TRY TO BEAT THE MARKET
I’m just an average investor. And I’m lazy. If I actually thought I was smarter than the market, I might not be bothered to even try. And I’m comfortable with that. You should be too. Plus, it would take too much work. It is better to be the market than try to beat the market.
Over the long term it is impossible to consistently beat the market without taking on additional risk. The chart below shows how passive index funds beat actively managed funds over the five year period ended 2013. The percentages show how many actively managed funds beat the benchmark for their category.
Anywhere from 65%-80% of funds cannot beat by the market. A dismally low 20%-35% of professionals beat the market year over year. In fact, over the 15 years ended 2011 a full 46% of actively managed funds closed due to poor performance. 7% of all actively managed funds failed every year. The professionals are not smarter than the market. Neither are you.
Not only can active funds not beat the market, but they charge a full percentage point more on average than passive funds. And assuming active funds could match the market, the one percent fee equates to almost 12% of your returns assuming an 8.5% average annual return. Don’t give up that much for the same (if you’re lucky) return.
3) DO NOT TRY TO TIME THE MARKET – YOU CAN’T. BUY AND HOLD IS THE BEST LONG TERM STRATEGY
Depending on which research source used, the average investor’s annual return is anywhere between 3% and 5%. That’s compared to the historical average market return of 8.5%. Why? Because we are terrible at investing. We chase returns. We react to fear. We buy into the media hype. And we invest emotionally. Emotional investing causes most of us to buy high and sell low. In fact, the year 2000 saw a record inflow into domestic equity funds in history. Immediately following that the market dropped almost 50% (fueled by the dotcom bubble bursting). In 2008, the opposite occurred as a record was set for the most outflows of funds from domestic equity funds. What happened next? The market has been on an unprecedented climb since then, with returns reaching almost 200% from the market low. As of the date of this article, it’s still climbing. And most investors missed out on that recovery.
4) DO NOT CHASE RETURNS. THE MARKET ALWAYS REVERTS TO THE MEAN
Of course you know that over the long haul, by definition, stock returns and markets will generate their historical average returns. Another way of saying this is that the market reverts to its mean and ultimately moves back towards its average return in the long term. Short term returns may vary, but the long term returns always revert to the average.
One of Vanguard founder John C. “Jack” Bogle’s 10 Rules of Investing is as follows:
Remember reversion to the mean. What’s hot today isn’t likely to be hot tomorrow. The stock market reverts to fundamental returns over the long run. Don’t follow the herd.
Emotional investing is a losing strategy. Investors fall into the be-a-part-of-the-crowd trap because social validation dictates that their investment decisions must be the “right” ones if others are doing the same thing. The media says buy, so most investors get in the market. And when everyone else is in a panic and selling, that’s what most people do. But you should stick to your long term plan. See # 3 above. Lazy prevents you from investing emotionally.
5) MINIMIZE EXPENSES, INVEST IN LOW-COST INDEX FUNDS
Every investor should know that past performance is no indication of future returns. What you might not know, however, is that the single most accurate predictor of future returns is low fees. That’s right. Studies have shown that focusing on low fees solely would result in better returns for investors. When looking at factors such as past performance, manager tenure, expense ratios and Morningstar ratings – expense ratios were the only reliable predictor of future performance. From Morningstar’s own Director of Fund Research Russel Kinnel: “If there’s anything in the whole world of mutual funds that you can take to the bank, it’s that expense ratios help you make a better decision. In every single time period and data point tested, low-cost funds beat high-cost funds. . . . Investors should make expense ratios a primary test in fund selection. They are still the most dependable predictor of performance.”
6) DON’T PUT ALL YOUR EGGS IN ONE BASKET. STAY DIVERSIFIED AND FOLLOW A PLAN
Diversifying won’t increase returns. But it does allow investors to lower risk without lowering the expected return. It can limit losses without sacrificing gains. It’s the only way to do that. Unfortunately, diversification won’t protect against the risk that the entire market goes south. But by spreading investments over a wide variety of sectors and asset classes in a smart way (those without high correlations to each other), the risk that any specific investment will fail is partially canceled by all other investments and overall risk is lowered. Investors can and should diversify among asset classes. And investors should also diversify within each type of asset (e.g., diversify among different sectors, geographical regions, market capitalization, industries, etc.).
Invest in a mix of stocks, bonds, and other assets according to your individual goals and investment horizon. Don’t invest emotionally. Ignore the crowd. Stick to your long term plan and . . . please . . . turn off the financial news.
You are not smarter than the professionals. You are not smarter than the market. Heck, even the professionals are not smarter than the market. Put your trust in your laziness and start saving early. Diversify. Then do nothing. It’s ok (and even recommended) that you do nothing (well, you should re-allocate at least yearly).
Rob Pivnick is an investor, entrepreneur, attorney, residential real estate investor and financial literacy advocate. Rob has both a law degree and an M.B.A. from SMU in Dallas, TX. He is a member of the board of directors of the Texas affiliate of the national Council on Economic Education. Professionally, Rob is in-house counsel for Goldman, Sachs and Co. and specializes in finance and real estate.
Rob’s book, “What All Kids (and adults too) Should Know About Saving & Investing,” targets young adults/millennials with vocabulary words, fun facts, “Did you know?” sections, and 14 key takeaways. Statistics, charts and graphs from expert sources bolster the information. It aims to help students develop proper habits for saving and investing for long term. Not get rich quick. Chapters include budgeting, debt, setting goals, risk vs. reward, active v. passive strategies, diversification and more. Visit www.whatallkids.com for more information. Twitter: @RPivnick.